Enduro mountain bike racing is designed to be the definitive test for the mountain biker, with the focus of each event on creating a great atmosphere, community, competition and adventure for the competitor, including the best riding on the best terrain available in the host region.
The racing platform detailed below outlines a format that allows riders to compete against each other, starting individually, on special stages which are designed to challenge the rider’s technical ability and physical capacity.
The following rules aim to define the enduro mountain bike discipline while still allowing space for each event on the Enduro World Series (EWS) calendar to add their own individual characteristics to each event.
The Reserve Entry List comprises of:
- • Top 100 EWS ranked Male and 25 ranked Female riders from the previous year's EWS ranking
- • Top 3 U21 at every EWS event in the previous year
- • Top 3 Masters at every EWS event in the previous year.
- • The top two ranked Male and Female riders from select national and regional enduro series.
- • Four riders per event from each Official EWS Team (See Section 9.2).
- • 20 global wildcard places awarded by EMBA to suitable riders aiming to race multiple events in multiple countries, who are not pre-selected through any other means. Wildcard applications are available during lottery registration
- • 20 wildcards per event, given to each organiser for awarding to young talented riders and local racers important to the community the event is held within. The final say of these wildcards lies with each organising group.
- • Top 80 Men, 30 Women, 15 U21, 15 Master from Official Qualifying Ranking on December 31 (See section 10)
Reserve list riders will be given a pre-entry window in which to enter. No reserve entries will be held past the published closing date. Wildcard places will be handled individually, depending on individual event protocols.
Any additional spaces for an event following the aforementioned pre-qualified riders will be released in January through a public lottery system and lucky entrants will be selected at random.
Under 21 – 17 to 20 years old. Based on rider age on the 31 December of competition year. Male and Female Under 21 (U21) racers with EMBA memberships will accumulate points towards an overall EWS Women’s and Men’s Under 21 World Champion title but will not be eligible for EWS series prize money. A male or female Under 21 racer may apply to EMBA to race in the Senior Men and Women categories. An Under 21 rider who has been accepted into a senior category may not return to the Under 21 category in the same competition year.
Men – All male category times will be placed together in scratch format and EWS points allocated accordingly.
Women – All female category times will be placed together in scratch format and EWS points allocated accordingly.
Master – All male riders age 40+ entering the Official Master’s category at each event. Masters with EMBA memberships will accumulate points towards an overall EWS Masters World Champion title but will not be eligible for EWS series prize money.
Riders must enter the official EWS categories at each event in order to score EWS points and win prize money. (e.g. Open or Enduro 1). This information is outlined in each Notice of Race document (See Section 8) and available to download on www.enduroworldseries.com
Enduro racing is about best use of the trails and terrain available to the organiser. Rider experience and enjoyment should be the focus for any course designer. It is expected that, in order to achieve the best riding on the best trails possible, some climbs will feature within Special Stages.
The composition of each Liaison Stage is at the discretion of the organiser. Mechanical uplift (chairlift, truck etc), rider power (pedalling) or a combination of both is acceptable.
As a guideline, at least one Liaison Stage per event should be pedal powered (not chairlift etc).
All Special Stages (Abbreviated to SP in results/communications) must follow a predominantly descending route and focus on testing the rider’s technical skills. Special exceptions can be made for prologue stages.
The General Classification (GC) of each race will be calculated by adding all Special Stage times together.
The start and finish of each Special Stage will be clearly marked on the map supplied by the organiser.
A Special Stage will be designed to test the rider’s technical and physical abilities.
There is no minimum or maximum duration for a Special Stage.
As a guideline for course designers, Special Stages should aim to contain a maximum of 20% climbing and at least 80% descending. (Example: 4 vertical meters ascent for every 20 vertical meters descent).
4.2: Directions and Course Markings
A course map must be produced by the organiser and displayed at registration and in Race Headquarters. This map may also be published on the event website. Riders are encouraged to study the map and understand the race route before leaving the start.
Where two pieces of course tape, on opposite sides of the course, are installed, the riders must pass between them. In these areas, missing, crossing or passing the course tape on the wrong side will be deemed as course cutting. See Figure 1 for an example of course taping.
Gates can be used to clearly mark sections of the course that a rider must pass though. Missing a gate will be deemed as course cutting (Article 5.6). See Figure 1 for an example of course taping.
In areas of open mountainside, an organiser can use a single pole to mark the direction of the route. Riders can pass either side of a single pole. On long road or singletrack sections, an organiser may place small single piece of course tape. These single pieces of tape act purely as directional markers.
[example of course taping]
[example of installed gates]
First Aid + Evacuation
A Medical Plan and location of the First Aid Base will be available at race headquarters.
Medical staff should carry a first aid qualification and meet the standards required in the given territory of the event.
The organiser must supply each competitor with the details of who to contact in the event of an accident on course.
During official training, the organiser must provide at least one medical base station and medical contacts for rider’s to use in the event of a training accident.
The event organiser must provide riders with information on medical access and medical contact details for use during official training.
It is best practice for the organiser to include space for a rider’s medical details and emergency contact information on the rear of the number plate. It is the rider’s responsibility to add any personal details accurately.
In remote events that include hard to access backcountry stages, the organiser may ask all riders to carry a whistle, to be used to attract attention in the event of an emergency. It is the rider’s responsibility to supply their own whistle.
Where a rider believes another competitor is injured on course, they should alert the next race official/marshal they see. The Special Stage result of any rider delayed due to voluntarily assisting another rider will be determined by race officials.
It is strongly recommended that organisers phase official training into zones to reduce the areas needing to be covered by medical staff during official training times. For example: Stages 1-3 open Thursday for training, Stages 4-6 open Friday, Race Saturday (SP1-3) and Sunday (SP4-6).
5.1: Race Format
- • Individual start on all Special Stages
- • Minimum of 4 Special Stages per event
- • Minimum of 20 minutes total competition time for the fastest rider in the General Classification (accumulation of all Special Stages)
- • Minimum of 3 different courses must be used per event
- • Individual start times for each Special Stage must be provided by the organiser unless otherwise agreed with EMBA
- • Minimum of two Special Stages must be held in one day
- • An identical course (Special Stage) cannot be raced (not including training) more than two times during one race except in exceptional circumstances (example: extreme weather).
On-bike training must be scheduled by the organiser on all Special Stages before timed competition begins. Details of training times are to be published ahead of each Enduro World Series event in both the Notice of Race and Race Book (see section 8). In rare circumstances (e.g. remote backcountry/weather), and only when approved by EMBA, allocated training times may be reduced or removed completely.
The course map must be released no earlier than 5 days before each EWS race starts (not including training).Example: Course map release - Monday. Official Training - Thursday, Friday. Race - Saturday, Sunday.
Following the course map release, all Special Stages must be kept closed to riders until official training commences. This is to allow the organisation to mark and prepare each Special Stage. Any rider found riding on a Special Stage prior to the start of official training will be disqualified. Walking on the stages is allowed during course closure but riders must not have a bike with them or risk DSQ.
Unless otherwise agreed by EMBA, official training should not be held for more than two days prior to the race.
Phased training – See 4.3: Safety.
The transport of riders between Special Stages by private/team transport (shuttling) is strictly limited to public, open roads during official training. A rider found using a private or team vehicle on a closed/private road or track will be disqualified.
During the race, no private/team transport can be used at any time.
Any specific details regarding shuttling will be outlined during the rider briefing (see section 8).
5.4: Seeding and Start Order
Riders will be seeded based on a combination of EWS rankings and the Race Organisers own data.
With highest ranked at the top:
Current year EWS ranking [inc. protected and select riders – see below]
Official EWS Team riders
Previous year EWS rankings
Local Organiser rankings
Riders moving from Under 21 to Senior age categories may be manually seeded by EMBA staff for the first round of the current year.
The Top 20 Men and Top 10 Women will be awarded a fixed number board in relation to their previous year EWS ranking for the entire season. i.e. The current World Champion will ride with number one for the entire season.
Protected Riders - Riders with a fixed number plate relating to a previous year’s ranking of top 20 (Men) and top 10 (Women) will be protected in the seeding for each EWS event. Any rider with a fixed number, not ranked within the Top 20 (Men) and Top 10 (Women) will start in order of the lowest number first from 21st place (Men) and 11th place (Women).
Select riders chosen by EMBA, including protected riders returning from injury, will be added to the start list from position 21 (Men) and 11 (Women) but following all protected riders (see above). Very select international riders not previously ranked in the EWS and chosen by EMBA may also be seeded following the Official EWS Team riders and before riders with a previous year EWS ranking.
- • Categories and riders will be seeded in the following order (seeded highest rank last)
- • Master 40+
- • Men non-EMBA Members U21 Men
- • Men EMBA Members Women U21
- • Women
- • 10 Minute Media Gap
- • Top 30 EWS ranked Men
- • Start intervals between riders for the top 30 Men and 15 Women must be a minimum of 30 seconds.
- • A ten-minute interval between the top 30 Men and Women categories must be allocated to allow accredited media to move on track.
- • A 1-minute interval should be added every 10–20 riders to allow a clear gap to start riders who have missed their start.
- • All late riders must start, under instructions from the official starter, within each 1-minute gap. There is no fixed start interval between late starters as the goal is to keep late riders racing, without affecting other riders on course. Late starters will receive a fixed penalty (see Section 7).
The General Classification (GC) will be calculated by adding all Special Stage times together for each rider. In the event of unforeseen or extreme circumstances, the race organiser can decide to withdraw a Special Stage (s) from the General Classification.
In the case where Special Stages have had to be cancelled, an event must have a minimum of two complete Special Stages in order for the result to be deemed valid for the EWS ranking.
In the event of a tie in the General Classification, the highest placed rider in the final stage will be awarded the higher final placing.
5.6: Equipment Requirements
All riders must wear a helmet during competition, during both Liaison and Special Stages. The helmet should meet the regulations set by the EWS event organiser. The correct fitting, condition and suitability of the rider’s helmet is the sole responsibility of the rider.
A two-piece helmet (with removable jaw piece) will be accepted as a full face helmet. However, due to national insurance and federation regulations any helmet used in an event must pass the standards of that territories national regulations. Further information may be found in the Race Book for each event.
Specific body protection and helmet requirements may also be stipulated at each event, in accordance with that territory’s national regulations. Any protection rules put in place by the EWS organiser must be followed by all competitors. No exceptions will be permitted.
See Appendix 2 for an outline of 2016 protection regulations per event.
Each rider must be self-sufficient during the entire duration of the race (Food stashes are not permitted – see Section 6). Personal responsibility and self-sufficiency are a large part of the spirit of enduro racing and riders are encouraged to carry adequate equipment for operating in mountainous environments. Each rider should remember that they are solely responsible for themselves but are urged help other competitors on course.
It is mandatory that the top 100 ranked men, 20 Women, 15 Master and 15 U21 men carry any official GPS/tracking device supplied by the EWS. If available, GPS/Tracker units will be distributed before the start. Failure of a rider to carry their allocated device will result in a 500 EUR fine.
It is strongly recommended that all competitors carry:
- • Suitable backpack
- • Waterproof jacket
- • Emergency blanket
- • Innertubes/ puncture repair kit
- • Multi tool
- • Basic, well maintained first aid kit
- • Course Map
- • Food and fluids
- • Eye protection (glasses or goggles)
- • Emergency contacts supplied by organiser
- • Whistle
5.7: Equipment Marking Stickers
Only one frame, fork and one pair of wheels can be used by a competitor during a race.
Officially marked equipment:
- • Fork Crown
- • Swingarm / Rear triangle
- • Front triangle
- • Both wheel rims
- • Competitor’s bikes will be checked for marking at the start of the race and at the finish of every Special Stage. Other random checks of stickered equipment will be carried out throughout the race.
A rider can use unmarked equipment during training unless otherwise stated by the organiser.
Only upon approval of the Race Director, may a rider replace a frame, fork or wheel. Following the repair the rider must return to the Race Director to have the replacement part(s) re-marked before rejoining the race.
A 5 minute penalty will be awarded to every rider who, having received approval by the Race Director, replaces the equipment listed above.
Any rider found to have replaced a named/marked part without consent from the Race Director will be disqualified (DSQ).
Enduro mountain bike racing allows us to ride into remote, backcountry areas of natural beauty. It is of the upmost importance that all racers respect their environment and consider the impact they leave behind for the local riding community. The below rules have been put in place to protect our trails and our riding environments.
- • No disposable goggle tear offs are allowed to be used
- • The disposal of food packaging on the trail is strictly prohibited.
- • The Enduro World Series and its local organisers reserve the right to penalise any rider whose actions are deemed to seriously damage the local environment.
- • Riders must not store food and drinks on the trail (Food Stashes). Packaging left behind and uncontrolled food supplies may have a serious impact on local wildlife and the local environment. Any rider found to be hiding or retrieving foods from unofficial feed stations will be penalised.
- • Riders must not store or drop clothing or equipment on the trail (Kit Stashes) during Official Training or racing. All riders must remain self-sufficient and carry off the mountain what they carry onto it.
In territories operating under National Federation rules, the National Federation enduro rules will dictate the penalty structure. However, EMBA recommends the following action.
7.1: Course cutting
Taking short cuts on course in order to gain an advantage can both damage the environment and brings the sport and spirit of enduro mountain biking racing into disrepute. Therefore, any rider trying to save time by choosing a line that lies outside of the defined trail will be disqualified.
The race organiser may choose, in exceptional circumstances, to apply a time penalty, not a DSQ to a rider found to have cut the course without intention. However, any rider leaving the obvious line must be aware that they risk a DSQ.
7.2: Liaison Stage delay/ missed start
Riders arriving late to the start must follow the starter's orders and join the course when instructed to do so.
Failure to follow starter's orders will result in a time penalty (See recommended penalties Section 7.5).
Any riders arriving at the start of a Special Stage later than 30 minutes after their specified start time will be disqualified from the race.
7.3: Illegal outside assistance
Racers are encouraged to help fellow competitors on course.
Any competitor receiving outside assistance from a non-racer without prior agreement from the Race Director will be disqualified. This includes using team staff/outside help to carry equipment around the course or perform repairs during the race. See also Food Stashes (Section 6).
7.4: Rule Violation Recording
The EWS event organiser is responsible for the application of the rules and has the final say.
The organiser can appoint special ‘Flying Marshals’ to travel around the course at their own discretion to undisclosed points. These ‘Flying Marshals’ can report rule violations to the organiser.
Any rule violations must be registered with the event organiser within 30 minutes of the last competitor finishing the final stage.
7.5: Recommended Penalties
|Missed Start||Up to 5 minutes late = 1 minute penalty
5+ minutes late = 5 minute penalty
30+ minutes late = DSQ
|Other Start Violation (example: pushing into queue, delaying start, jumping start etc)||5 seconds|
|Not obeying course marking/course cutting||Disqualification|
|Unintentional course cutting||30 seconds|
|Illegal Outside Assistance + Shuttling||Disqualification|
|Environmental Disrespect||From 1 minute to disqualification|
|Training outside official times||Disqualification|
|Changing a marked piece of equipment with authorisation||5 minutes|
|Changing a marked piece of equipment without authorisation||Disqualification|
|Disposal of a goggle Tear Off on the trail||Disqualification|
|Altering the course||Disqualification|
|Missing Back or helmet number (where given)||30 Seconds|
|Food / Kit stashing||5 minutes|
The Notice of Race document will be made available from the date of race entries opening and will outline the basic format, provisional timetable and protection rules for each event.
Notice of Race documents are available on www.enduroworldseries.com
8.2: Race Book
Two weeks prior to each EWS event, an official Race Book will be published. This document will outline the detailed programme, local rules and venue details that every rider must know.
It is the rider’s responsibility to download and read the Race Book. Having not read the rules will not be accepted as an excuse for any rule violation by any rider.
Race Book documents are available on www.enduroworldseries.com
8.3: Rider Briefing
Every EWS event must host a rider briefing prior the race commencing. Changes to the rules, course, timetable etc and details of course marking, feed stations and assistance locations will be communicated at this briefing. Non-attendance of the Rider Briefing will not be accepted as an excuse for any rule violation by any rider.
9.1: Individual Titles
The Enduro World Series overall title will be awarded to the athlete with the highest amount of EWS ranking points after the final round. All rounds of the Enduro World Series will count towards the overall points total.
The overall winner of the Enduro World Series will be titled the Enduro Mountain Bike World Champion.
A specially designed trophy will be awarded to the winner at the final round of the Enduro World Series.
The World Champion will be awarded with the Enduro World Champion Globe Armband. This must be worn by that athlete at every EWS event until the completion of the following year's series.
Thereafter, a World Champion will be eligible to wear the EWS Champion’s Collar for the remainder of their EWS career.
In the event of a tie in points, the rider with the highest placing in the most recent event will be awarded the overall leader’s yellow number plate. If a tie in points occurs at the final round of the series, the rider with the highest placing in the last event will be awarded the World Champion title for that year.
9.2: Official Teams and Team Ranking
The deadline to apply to be an Official EWS team is 9th January 2017. Teams will be selected on their rider roster, number of events entered, nationality and sponsorship backing. Successful teams will be announced on 11th January 2017
Each team must contain a minimum of two riders
Every Official Enduro World Series Team will receive a maximum of four reserve entries per event
Only official, registered EWS teams will contest the team ranking of the Enduro World Series.
The Overall Enduro World Series Team ranking will be calculated using the best three rider’s results (Men, Women, U21 categories), at each round of the Enduro World Series.
Example: Team A win the Men's, Women's and Junior category. That team will be awarded a total of 1200 team ranking points for that round.
Masters are not included in the Official Team Rankings
The Overall Team ranking will be calculated by adding together all rounds of the Enduro World Series.
In the event of multiple teams finishing the series on equal points, the team with the highest amount of EWS points won in the final round will be placed higher in the final team ranking.
9.3: Series Points
EWS Ranking Points will be awarded in relation to the overall finishing position of each EMBA. (Example: 15th position in the Women’s GC = 190 points regardless of how many EMBA members placed from 1st to 14th).
Full points table available in Appendix 1
EMBA members entering the Official EWS Qualifier events listed on enduroworldseries.com will collect official ranking points and feature in the official EWS annual qualifying rankings.
EMBA memberships and rankings are available on enduroworldseries.com
On December 31st, the best three qualifying results for each rider will be totaled to calculate the final qualifying ranking.
The top 80 Men, 30 Women, 15 U21 and 15 Masters in the Final Qualifying Ranking will be added to the following year’s Reserve List
The winner in each category at every Official Qualifying round will be automatically added to the following year’s Reserve List
EWS Qualifying Ranking Points will be awarded in relation to the overall finishing position of each EMBA member. (Example: 15th position in the Women’s GC = 60 points regardless of how many EMBA members placed from 1st to 14th).
Full points table available in Appendix 2
Event entries will be processed in Pounds Sterling and the exchange rate fixed with the host nation in the week prior to each event opening to the public (2016 onwards).
|Men and Women||Prize Money (Euros)|
Event organisers are encouraged to pay more prize money than the minimum amounts stated above.
Overall Series prize money
Five percent of all income generated by EMBA through Enduro World Series Official Supporterships will be awarded to the Enduro World Series winning Male and Female after the final round.
The total amount will be divided equally between the Men and Women.
The Enduro World Series organisers and EMBA will respect and assist any National Cycling Federation operating anti-doping controls at Enduro World Series events.
Any competitor entering an EMBA event must follow any anti-doping procedure that may be asked of them by an Enduro World Series organiser. With the interests of keeping enduro mountain biking clean from the start and to avoid the spirit and reputation of enduro mountain bike racing from being brought into disrepute, any cyclist, regardless of cycling discipline, who has previously been found guilty by any court or regulatory body of any use of or involvement with banned, performance enhancing drugs will not be entitled to compete or take part in any Enduro World Series event.
Any cyclist prevented from competing or taking part in any Enduro World Series event by virtue of the foregoing paragraph may appeal to the Board of EMBA for exemption from that rule and in exceptional circumstances the Board of EMBA may at its absolute discretion, grant such an exemption. However, in the interests of transparency within the sport of enduro mountain bike racing, the Board of EMBA reserve the right to maintain a zero tolerance approach to drug taking in cycling and will communicate any appeal decision publicly.
EWS Official Qualifier Events Points Table
|Position||Men||Women||Master||U21 Men||U21 Women|
Protection Regulations 2016
|Full face helmets and knee pads mandatory. Back protection recommended.|
|Full face helmets and knee pads mandatory. Back protection recommended.|
|Competitors must wear a helmet at all time, either a full face or open face helmet. Gloves/knee/elbow/back protection is recommended but not compulsory.|
|While undertaking Special Stages it is mandatory to wear CE approved full face crash helmet, gloves, knee pads and back protector.
It is mandatory to wear a helmet during the whole duration of the race, both during the transfers as well as during the special stages. A lighter XC version helmet may be worn during the transition stages.
|All riders must wear a helmet during competition. This includes riding during untimed transition stages. If you are walking during a transition stage, a helmet can be removed. The correct fitting, condition and suitability of the rider’s helmet is the sole responsibility of the rider.
Specific body protection including but not limited to, knee pads, elbow pads, full fingered gloves, full face helmet and torso protection are strongly encouraged for some Big Mountain Enduro stages, but not required. The extent of the protection worn by a rider in excess of a standard helmet, is up to the sole discretion of the rider.
|Full face helmets are mandatory for all Special Stages. Open face helmets may be worn on transition / liaison stages. By British Columbia law, all riders must have a helmet on at all times when riding a bike. Elbow, knee and back protection strongly recommended – but not mandatory.|
|Riders must wear a full face helmet (either fixed or detachable) at all times during the race, including liaison stages on the bike. It is not permissible to carry a second helmet attached to the pack / body.
Full fingered gloves, knee pads and a CE certified back protector are compulsory. A backpack can replace the back protector if it includes CE certified back protection.
|While undertaking Special Stages it is mandatory to wear CE approved helmet, gloves, kneeBpads and back protector.
It is mandatory to wear a helmet during the whole duration of the race, the transfers as well as during the special stages. A lighter XC version may be worn during the transition stages.
Letter from the Director
Hello and welcome to the 2016 Enduro World Series.
Following great feedback after a successful 2015 season from our riders, organisers and advisors, we have amended and added some new rules.
The aim for the 2016 rule book was to keep as much of the 2015 rules as possible, to allow us to stabilise the sport, only now in its fourth international season. However, some change is always good and in this rule book you will now find a section on Qualifier Events. EMBA members entering the Official EWS Qualifier events listed on enduroworldseries.com will collect official ranking points and feature in the official EWS annual qualifying rankings.
If you are a race organiser, anywhere in the world, we continue to encourage you to copy our rules and we urge you to use this rule book as a template for the sport of enduro mountain biking, allowing us all to grow this great sport in the same direction.
Good luck for 2016,